The Top 10 Most Abused Drugs

July 25, 2012 - 10:35 am | Permalink

What does America get high on? Here’s a breakdown of the top 10 most abused drugs in the United States.

On June 26 2012, the world celebrated the International Day against Drug Abuse & Trafficking. It’s being celebrated yearly since its approval on December 7 1987 through resolution 42/112 to remind everyone about the problem that drug abused caused to the whole world, in the individual lives of people who have been influenced of it, and the tragic effects to a relationship of people to their loved ones, and family. It is widely supported by various communities across the globe, leaders of all nations, and other individuals who were users themselves before, but had made transition to really abandon drugs and to change their path. On this list, you'll find out the top 10 most abused drugs in the world, it effects to the user, and the danger that one could get. The purpose of this list is to call the attention of everyone and help them to be informed. 

10. Heroin

It is also called opiate analgesic, diamorphine and Diacetylmorphine or morphine diacetate. Medically speaking, it serves in decreasing severe type of pain. Hence, an excessive use of it would result to heart attack. It is one of the classified prohibited drugs since it causes hepatitis, abnormalities to those who are confirmed pregnant, and malnutrition. Heroin is an extract from the seed pod of the opium poppy plant. It can be smoked, sniffed, and injected.

 

 

9. Methamphetamine

It is a very toxic type of drug that destroys nerve terminals of the central nervous system. It is also known as meth, tik, glass, and other names associated with it. It is a psychoactive drug that works to increase self-esteem, libido, energy, and alertness. It leaves damage to cardiovascular system, increased blood pressure, severe dental problems, violent behavior, anxiety, insomnia, confusion, violent behaviors, and mood disturbances.

8. Ecstasy

This is another psychoactive drug which is also known as MMDA or 3,4- methylenedioxymethamphetamine which also act as a stimulant that causes high level of energy, time distortions to someone who takes it, europhia, and emotional warmth. It can be taken orally in tablet or capsule. If taken excessively, it would result muscle tension, chills, blurred visions, faintness, teeth clenching, sweating, and nausea. Other adverse effects are hyperthermia, and interference in metabolism process and worse is lethal.

7. Inhalants

It is better known as snappers, poppers, and whippets. It’s taken through inhalation process since it’s a breathable chemical vapor which can be classified with other volatile products such as gases, aerosols, and solvents. Of course, similar to alcohol, it would cause intoxication, unconsciousness, loss of sensation, brain damage, and damage on bone marrow. Other adverse results for continuous and excessive sniffing would lead to death, suffocation, and heart failure.

6. Depressants

It has various names, but to name a few, it is called as barbs, downers, rope, booze, yellows, candy, and a lot of street names. It is classified as tranquilizer since the root word of depressants is depressed. Its purpose is to cause calmness and relaxation on the nerves and muscles. It’s being prescribed medically by doctors in the form of tablets or capsules. Nonetheless, excessive use of it could cause anxiety, addiction, withdrawal symptoms, seizures, insomnia, and slurred speech. Adverse effects of it are respiratory arrest & depression, impaired sexual function, and death.

5. Prescription Drugs

These are accessible drugs that can be bought over-the-counter, but most of times they are illegally purchased and sold on the streets. Some are using them for the purpose of losing weight, and getting some fun out of them. It is indeed true that they are safer compared to other drugs that you could see on this list.  In fact, they are less addictive, but everything which is taken for the wrong purpose could cause adverse, or other negative effects on one’s health. It could specific medical condition depending on the kind of drug taken or abused.

4. Cocaine

It is a stimulant drug that actually came from cocoa plant leaves. It looks like a crystalline tropane alakaloid that can be snorted, smoked, and injected. Its street names are blow, coke, flake, and snow. People who take this processed cocaine would feel an increased energy in the body, and becomes europhia. Hence, its unhealthy results are abdominal pain, increased in blood pressure & body temperature, faster heart rate, stroke, heart attack, nausea, respiratory, and rarely death.

3. Marijuana

Another for it is Cannabis since Marijuana is derived or has originated in Mexican Spanish term called marihuana. It is found from the hemp plant which is known as Cannabis Sativa wherein it could be flowers, stem, leaves, and flowers which are dried, shredded, and mixed in order to produce a chemical called as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.  It can be taken through smoking using pipe or blunts. Other names of it are grass, pot, weed, 420 and ganga. It would result memory impairment, europhia, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety, mental illness, increase in heart rate, lung cancer due to carcinogens which is found in marijuana and difficulty in problem solving and thinking.

2. Nicotine

This is the primary ingredient in most of the tobacco, and cigarettes which are being sold in the market. This is very addictive that causes primarily bronchial disorders, emphysema, and lung cancer as three of the adverse effects that would lead to death later on. It also results to other cardiovascular diseases, respiratory illnesses to others especially to kids who do not smoke, but could inhale the smoke being inhaled out by the users. Nicotine came from the tobacco plant, called Nicotiana Tabacum wherein its leaves can be chewed and if processed, it is smoked.

1. Alcohol

It’s the result of the fermentation process that done through vegetables, grains, and fruits that produces alcohol. Based on studies, alcohol main purpose is for antiseptic, cleaning, and act as sedative. The most common alcohol type in most of the liquor, wine, and beer being sold in the market is ethyl or ethanol. It could damage the fetus of a pregnant women, impair brain functions, higher cancer risks in liver, and it could cause stroke. Moreover, in psychological effects, it could result to uncontrollable behavior that would lead harm and injury to people, intoxication, slow function of central nervous system, slur in speech, lose brain coordination, and death if taken excessively for years.



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